Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 4:1


After these things I looked, and there was 1  a door standing open in heaven! 2  And the first voice I had heard speaking to me 3  like a trumpet 4  said: “Come up here so that 5  I can show you what must happen after these things.”


Ex 1:1; Ex 19:24; Ex 24:12; Ex 34:2,3; Mt 3:16; Mr 1:10; Lu 3:21; Joh 16:13; Ac 7:56; Ac 10:11; Re 1:1-3:22; Re 1:10; Re 1:19; Re 11:12; Re 16:17; Re 22:6

NET © Notes

tn Grk “and behold.” The Greek word ἰδού (idou) at the beginning of this statement has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

tn Or “in the sky” (the same Greek word means both “heaven” and “sky”).

tn Grk “with me.” The translation “with me” implies that John was engaged in a dialogue with the one speaking to him (e.g., Jesus or an angel) when in reality it was a one-sided conversation, with John doing all the listening. For this reason, μετ᾿ ἐμοῦ (met emou, “with me”) was translated as “to me.”

sn The phrase speaking to me like a trumpet refers back to Rev 1:10.

tn The conjunction καί (kai), much like the vav-consecutive in Hebrew, appears to be introducing a final/purpose clause here rather than a coordinate clause.

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