Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Revelation 1:15


His feet were like polished bronze 1  refined 2  in a furnace, and his voice was like the roar 3  of many waters.


Ps 93:4; Isa 17:13; Eze 1:7; Eze 40:3; Eze 43:2; Da 10:6; Re 2:18; Re 14:2; Re 19:6

NET © Notes

tn The precise meaning of the term translated “polished bronze” (χαλκολιβάνῳ, calkolibanw), which appears nowhere else in Greek literature outside of the book of Revelation (see 2:18), is uncertain. Without question it is some sort of metal. BDAG 1076 s.v. χαλκολίβανον suggests “fine brass/bronze.” L&N 2.57 takes the word to refer to particularly valuable or fine bronze, but notes that the emphasis here and in Rev 2:18 is more on the lustrous quality of the metal.

tn Or “that has been heated in a furnace until it glows.”

tn Grk “sound,” but the idea is closer to the roar of a waterfall or rapids.

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