Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 31:11


Because of all my enemies, people disdain me; 1  my neighbors are appalled by my suffering 2  – those who know me are horrified by my condition; 3  those who see me in the street run away from me.


Job 6:21-23; Job 19:13,14; Ps 22:6; Ps 38:11; Ps 41:8,9; Ps 64:8; Ps 69:19,20; Ps 88:8,18; Ps 89:50,51; Isa 49:7; Isa 53:4,5; Jer 12:6; Mic 7:6; Mt 10:21,22; Mt 26:56,74; Mt 27:39-44; Ro 15:3; 2Ti 4:16; Heb 11:36; Heb 13:13; 1Pe 4:14

NET © Notes

tn Heb “because of all my enemies I am a reproach.”

tc Heb “and to my neighbors, exceedingly.” If the MT is retained, then these words probably go with what precedes. However the syntactical awkwardness of the text suggests it is textually corrupt. P. C. Craigie (Psalms 1-50 [WBC], 258) suggests that the initial mem (מ) on מְאֹד (meod, “exceedingly”) be understood as an enclitic mem (ם) which was originally suffixed to the preceding form and then later misinterpreted. The resulting form אֵד (’ed) can then be taken as a defectively written form of אֵיד (’ed, “calamity”). If one follows this emendation, then the text reads literally, “and to my neighbors [I am one who experiences] calamity.” The noun פַחַד (fakhad, “[object of] horror”) occurs in the next line; אֵיד and פַחַד appear in parallelism elsewhere (see Prov 1:26-27).

tn Heb “and [an object of ] horror to those known by me.”

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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