Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 18:13


The Lord thundered 1  in 2  the sky; the sovereign One 3  shouted. 4 


Ex 20:18; De 32:24; 1Sa 7:10; Job 40:9; Ps 29:3,4; Ps 78:48; Ps 104:7; Ps 120:3,4; Ps 140:10; Eze 10:5; Hab 3:5; Joh 12:29; Re 4:5; Re 8:5; Re 19:6

NET © Notes

sn Thunder is a common motif in OT theophanies and in ancient Near Eastern portrayals of the storm god and warring kings. See R. B. Chisholm, “An Exegetical and Theological Study of Psalm 18/2 Samuel 22” (Th.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1983), 179-83.

tn 2 Sam 22:14 has “from.”

tn Heb “the Most High.” This divine title (עֶלְיוֹן, ’elyon) pictures God as the exalted ruler of the universe who vindicates the innocent and judges the wicked. See especially Ps 47:2.

tc The text of Ps 18:13 adds at this point, “hail and coals of fire.” These words are probably accidentally added from v. 12b; they do not appear in 2 Sam 22:14.

tn Heb “offered his voice.” In this poetic narrative context the prefixed verbal form is best understood as a preterite indicating past tense, not an imperfect. Note the prefixed verbal form with vav (ו) consecutive in the preceding line.

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