Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 28:2

Context
NETBible

When a country is rebellious 1  it has many princes, 2  but by someone who is discerning and knowledgeable 3  order is maintained. 4 

XREF

Ge 45:5-8; 1Ki 15:25,28; 1Ki 16:8-29; 2Ki 15:8-31; 2Ch 32:20-26; 2Ch 36:1-12; Job 22:28-30; Ec 9:15; Isa 3:1-7; Isa 58:12; Da 4:27; Ho 13:11

NET © Notes

sn The Hebrew word translated “rebellious” has rebellion as its basic meaning, and that is the idea here. The proverb is describing a time when sinfulness brings about social and political unrest.

tn Heb “many are its princes” (so NASB).

sn In such a chaotic time there will be many rulers, either simultaneously or in a rapid sequence. The times of the judges or the days of the northern kings of Israel provide examples.

tn Heb “a man who understands [and] knows”; NRSV “an intelligent ruler”; NLT “wise and knowledgeable leaders.”

tc The LXX reads (probably from a different underlying Hebrew text): “It is the fault of a violent man that quarrels start, but they are settled by a man of discernment.” For a survey of suggestions, see C. H. Toy, Proverbs (ICC), 495, and W. McKane, Proverbs (OTL), 630.

tn This last line is difficult. The MT has כֵּן יַאֲרִיךְ (ken yaarikh). The verb means “to prolong,” but כֵּן (ken) is open to several possibilities for meaning. J. H. Greenstone’s interpretation of it as a noun from the Hollow root כּוּן (kun) with a meaning of “established order” is what is expected here (Proverbs, 293).

sn For a study of the verses in chapters 28 and 29 concerning kings and governments, see B. V. Malchow, “A Manual for Future Monarchs,” CBQ 47 (1985): 238-45.



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