Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 23:21

Context
NETBible

because drunkards and gluttons become impoverished, and drowsiness 1  clothes them with rags. 2 

XREF

De 21:20; Pr 6:9-11; Pr 19:15; Pr 21:17; Pr 24:30-34; Isa 28:1-3; Joe 1:5; 1Co 5:11; 1Co 6:10; Ga 5:21; Php 3:19

NET © Notes

tn Here “drowsiness” is a metonymy of effect or adjunct, put for the drunkenness and gluttony that causes it. So all of it, the drunkenness and the drowsiness that comes from it, brings on the ruin (cf. CEV “you will end up poor”). Likewise, “rags” is a metonymy of adjunct, associated with the poverty brought on by a dissolute lifestyle.

sn This is the fourteenth saying, warning about poor associations. Drunkenness and gluttony represent the epitome of the lack of discipline. In the Mishnah they are used to measure a stubborn and rebellious son (m. Sanhedrin 8). W. G. Plaut notes that excessive drinking and eating are usually symptoms of deeper problems; we usually focus more on the drinking because it is dangerous to others (Proverbs, 241-42).



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