Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 21:18

Context
NETBible

The wicked become 1  a ransom 2  for the righteous, and the faithless 3  are taken 4  in the place of the upright.

XREF

Pr 11:8; Isa 43:3,4; Isa 53:4,5; Isa 55:8,9; 1Pe 3:18

NET © Notes

tn The term “become” is supplied in the translation.

sn The Hebrew word translated “ransom” (כֹּפֶר, kofer) normally refers to the price paid to free a prisoner. R. N. Whybray (Proverbs [CBC], 121) gives options for the meaning of the verse: (1) If it means that the wicked obtain good things that should go to the righteous, it is then a despairing plea for justice (which would be unusual in the book of Proverbs); but if (2) it is taken to mean that the wicked suffers the evil he has prepared for the righteous, then it harmonizes with Proverbs elsewhere (e.g., 11:8). The ideal this proverb presents – and the future reality – is that in calamity the righteous escape and the wicked suffer in their place (e.g., Haman in the book of Esther).

tn Or “treacherous” (so ASV, NASB, NLT); NIV “the unfaithful.”

tn The phrase “are taken” does not appear in the Hebrew but is implied by the parallelism; it is supplied in the translation for smoothness.



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