Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 18:18

Context
NETBible

A toss of a coin 1  ends 2  disputes, and settles the issue 3  between strong opponents. 4 

XREF

Jos 14:2; 1Sa 10:21-27; 1Sa 14:42; 1Ch 6:63; 1Ch 24:31; Ne 11:1; Pr 16:33

NET © Notes

tn Heb “casting the lot.” Because modern readers are not familiar with the ancient practice of casting lots, the image of the coin toss to decide an issue has been employed in the translation (cf. CEV “drawing straws”). Although the casting of lots is often compared to throwing dice, the translation “throwing dice ends disputes” in this context could be misunderstood to mean “participating in a game of dice ends disputes.”

tn The verb יַשְׁבִּית (yashbit) is the Hiphil imperfect from שָׁבַת (shavat), meaning “to cause to cease; to bring to an end; to end”; cf. NIV “settles disputes.” The assumption behind this practice and this saying is that providence played the determining role in the casting of lots. If both parties accepted this, then the issue could be resolved.

tn Heb “makes a separation” or “decides.” In the book of Proverbs this verb often has a negative connotation, such as separating close friends (e.g., 16:9). But here it has a positive nuance: Opponents are “separated” by settling the issue.

tn The word is the adjective, “mighty” (so KJV, NAB, NASB) used here substantivally as the object of the preposition.



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