Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 15:13


A joyful heart 1  makes the face cheerful, 2  but by a painful heart the spirit is broken.


Ne 2:2; Pr 12:25; Pr 15:15; Pr 17:22; Pr 18:14; Joh 14:1; 2Co 1:12; 2Co 2:7; 2Co 7:10

NET © Notes

tn The contrast in this proverb is between the “joyful heart” (Heb “a heart of joy,” using an attributive genitive) and the “painful heart” (Heb “pain of the heart,” using a genitive of specification).

sn The verb יֵיטִב (yetiv) normally means “to make good,” but here “to make the face good,” that is, there is a healthy, favorable, uplifted expression. The antithesis is the pained heart that crushes the spirit. C. H. Toy observes that a broken spirit is expressed by a sad face, while a cheerful face shows a courageous spirit (Proverbs [ICC], 308).

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