Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Micah 4:3


He will arbitrate 1  between many peoples and settle disputes between many 2  distant nations. 3  They will beat their swords into plowshares, 4  and their spears into pruning hooks. 5  Nations will not use weapons 6  against other nations, and they will no longer train for war.


1Sa 2:10; Ps 2:5-12; Ps 46:9; Ps 68:30,31; Ps 72:7; Ps 82:8; Ps 96:13; Ps 98:9; Ps 110:1,2,5,6; Isa 2:4; Isa 9:7; Isa 11:3-5; Isa 11:6-9; Isa 25:3; Isa 51:5; Isa 60:12; Isa 60:17,18; Isa 65:25; Da 2:44; Ho 2:18; Joe 3:2,9-16; Joe 3:10; Mic 5:15; Mic 7:16,17; Zec 9:10; Zec 12:3-6; Zec 14:3,12-19; Mt 25:31,32; Joh 5:22,23,27-29; Joh 16:8-11; Ac 17:31; Re 19:11; Re 19:17-21; Re 20:8,9

NET © Notes

tn Or “judge.”

tn Or “mighty” (NASB); KJV, NAB, NIV, NRSV “strong”; TEV “among the great powers.”

tn Heb “[for many nations] to a distance.”

sn Instead of referring to the large plow as a whole, the plowshare is simply the metal tip which actually breaks the earth and cuts the furrow.

sn This implement was used to prune the vines, i.e., to cut off extra leaves and young shoots (M. Klingbeil, NIDOTTE 1:1117-18). It was a short knife with a curved hook at the end sharpened on the inside like a sickle.

tn Heb “take up the sword.”

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