Then he released Barabbas for them. But after he had Jesus flogged, 1 he handed him over 2 to be crucified. 3
Isa 50:6; Isa 53:5; Mt 20:19; Mr 10:34; Mr 15:15; Lu 18:32,33; Lu 23:16,24,25; Lu 23:25; Joh 19:1,16; 1Pe 2:24
|NET © Notes||
1 tn The Greek term φραγελλόω (fragellow) refers to flogging. BDAG 1064 s.v. states, “flog, scourge, a punishment inflicted on slaves and provincials after a sentence of death had been pronounced on them. So in the case of Jesus before the crucifixion…Mt 27:26; Mk 15:15.”
sn A Roman flogging (traditionally, “scourging”) was an excruciating punishment. The victim was stripped of his clothes and bound to a post with his hands fastened above him (or sometimes he was thrown to the ground). Guards standing on either side of the victim would incessantly beat him with a whip (flagellum) made out of leather with pieces of lead and bone inserted into its ends. While the Jews only allowed 39 lashes, the Romans had no such limit; many people who received such a beating died as a result. See C. Schneider, TDNT, 515-19.
2 tn Or “delivered him up.”
3 sn See the note on crucified in 20:19.