Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Luke 23:2


They 1  began to accuse 2  him, saying, “We found this man subverting 3  our nation, forbidding 4  us to pay the tribute tax 5  to Caesar 6  and claiming that he himself is Christ, 7  a king.”


1Ki 18:17; 1Ki 21:10-13; Ps 35:11; Ps 62:4; Ps 64:3-6; Jer 20:10; Jer 37:13-15; Jer 38:4; Am 7:10; Zec 11:8; Mt 17:27; Mt 22:21; Mt 26:59,60; Mr 12:17; Mr 14:55,56; Mr 14:61,62; Mr 15:3-5; Lu 20:20-25; Lu 22:69,70; Lu 23:5; Joh 18:30; Joh 18:36; Joh 19:12; Ac 16:20,21; Ac 17:6,7; Ac 24:5; Ac 24:13; 1Pe 3:16-18

NET © Notes

tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

sn They began to accuse him. There were three charges: (1) disturbing Jewish peace; (2) fomenting rebellion through advocating not paying taxes (a lie – 20:20-26); and (3) claiming to be a political threat to Rome, by claiming to be a king, an allusion to Jesus’ messianic claims. The second and third charges were a direct challenge to Roman authority. Pilate would be forced to do something about them.

tn On the use of the term διαστρέφω (diastrefw) here, see L&N 31.71 and 88.264.

sn Subverting our nation was a summary charge, as Jesus “subverted” the nation by making false claims of a political nature, as the next two detailed charges show.

tn Grk “and forbidding.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated to suggest to the English reader that this and the following charge are specifics, while the previous charge was a summary one. See the note on the word “misleading” earlier in this verse.

tn This was a “poll tax.” L&N 57.182 states this was “a payment made by the people of one nation to another, with the implication that this is a symbol of submission and dependence – ‘tribute tax.’”

tn Or “to the emperor” (“Caesar” is a title for the Roman emperor).

tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 2:11.

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