Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Lamentations 1:13

Context
NETBible

מ (Mem) He sent down fire 1  into my bones, and it overcame 2  them. He spread out a trapper’s net 3  for my feet; he made me turn back. He has made me desolate; I am faint all day long.

XREF

De 28:65; De 32:21-25; Job 18:8; Job 19:6; Job 30:30; Ps 22:14; Ps 31:10; Ps 35:4; Ps 66:11; Ps 70:2,3; Ps 102:3-5; Ps 129:5; Isa 42:17; Jer 4:19-29; La 1:22; La 2:3,4; La 4:17-20; La 5:17; Eze 12:13; Eze 17:20; Eze 32:3; Ho 7:12; Na 1:6; Hab 3:16; 2Th 1:8; Heb 12:29

NET © Notes

tn Heb “He sent fire from on high.” Normally God sends fire from heaven. The idiom מִמָּרוֹם (mimmarom, “from on high”) can still suggest the location but as an idiom may focus on the quality of the referent. For example, “to speak from on high” means “to presume to speak as if from heaven” = arrogantly (Ps 73:8); “they fight against me from on high” = proudly (Ps 56:3) (BDB 928-29 s.v. מָרוֹם). As a potential locative, מִמָּרוֹם (mimmarom, “from on high”) designates God as the agent; idiomatically the same term paints him as pitiless.

tc The MT reads וַיִּרְדֶּנָּה (vayyirdennah, “it prevailed against them”), representing a vav (ו) consecutive + Qal preterite 3rd person masculine singular + 3rd person feminine plural suffix from רָדָה (radah, “to prevail”). The LXX κατήγαγεν αὐτό (kathgagen auto, “it descended”) reflects an alternate vocalization tradition of וַיֹּרִדֶנָּה (vayyoridennah, “it descended against them”), representing a vav (ו) consecutive + Hiphil preterite 3rd person masculine singular + 3rd person feminine plural suffix from יָרָד (yarad, “to go down”), or הֹרִידָהּ (horidah, “it descended against her”), a Hiphil perfect ms + 3rd person feminine singular suffix from from יָרָד (yarad, “to go down”). Internal evidence favors the MT. The origin of the LXX vocalization can be explained by the influence of the preceding line, “He sent down fire from on high.”

tn Heb “net.” The term “trapper’s” is supplied in the translation as a clarification.



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