Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Job 15:20

Context
NETBible

All his days 1  the wicked man suffers torment, 2  throughout the number of the years that 3  are stored up for the tyrant. 4 

XREF

Ps 90:3,4,12; Ec 9:3; Lu 12:19-21; Ro 8:22; Jas 5:1-6

NET © Notes

tn Heb “all the days of the wicked, he suffers.” The word “all” is an adverbial accusative of time, stating along with its genitives (“of the days of a wicked man”) how long the individual suffers. When the subject is composed of a noun in construct followed by a genitive, the predicate sometimes agrees with the genitive (see GKC 467 §146.a).

tn The Hebrew term מִתְחוֹלֵל (mitkholel) is a Hitpolel participle from חִיל (khil, “to tremble”). It carries the idea of “torment oneself,” or “be tormented.” Some have changed the letter ח (khet) for a letter ה (he), and obtained the meaning “shows himself mad.” Theodotion has “is mad.” Syriac (“behave arrogantly,” apparently confusing Hebrew חול with חלל; Heidi M. Szpek, Translation Technique in the Peshitta to Job [SBLDS], 277), Symmachus, and Vulgate have “boasts himself.” But the reading of the MT is preferable.

tn It is necessary, with Rashi, to understand the relative pronoun before the verb “they are stored up/reserved.”

tn This has been translated with the idea of “oppressor” in Job 6:23; 27:13.



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