Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Hosea 12:14


But Ephraim bitterly 1  provoked him to anger; so he will hold him accountable for the blood he has shed, 2  his Lord 3  will repay him for the contempt he has shown. 4 


De 28:37; 1Sa 2:30; 2Sa 1:16; 1Ki 2:33,34; 2Ki 17:7-18; Eze 18:13; Eze 23:2-10; Eze 24:7,8; Eze 33:5; Da 11:18; Ho 7:16

NET © Notes

tn The noun תַּמְרוּרִים (tamrurim, “bitter things”) functions as an adverbial accusative of manner, modifying the finite verb: “He bitterly provoked Him to anger” (GKC 375 §118.q). The plural form of the noun functions as a plural of intensity: “very bitterly.” For the adverbial function of the accusative, see IBHS 172-73 §10.2.2e.

tn Heb “He will leave his blood upon him”; NIV “will leave upon him the guilt of his bloodshed.”

tn The Hebrew term translated “Lord” here is אֲדֹנָי (’adonay).

tn Heb “for his contempt” (so NIV); NRSV “for his insults”; NAB “for his outrage.”

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