Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 49:10

Context
NETBible

The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, 1  until he comes to whom it belongs; 2  the nations will obey him. 3 

XREF

Nu 21:18; Nu 24:17; De 28:57; Ps 60:7; Ps 72:8-11; Ps 108:8; Isa 2:2; Isa 9:6; Isa 11:1-5; Isa 11:10,12,13; Isa 33:22; Isa 42:1,3,4; Isa 49:6,7,22,23; Isa 55:4,5; Isa 60:1,3-5; Isa 62:11; Jer 23:5,6; Jer 30:21; Eze 19:11,14; Eze 21:27; Da 9:25; Ho 11:12; Hag 2:7; Zec 2:11; Zec 8:20-23; Zec 10:11; Mt 1:21; Mt 17:5; Mt 21:9; Mt 25:32; Lu 1:32,33; Lu 2:30-32; Joh 9:7; Joh 12:32; Joh 18:31; Joh 19:12,15; Ro 15:12; 2Co 5:10; Heb 7:14; Re 11:15

NET © Notes

tn Or perhaps “from his descendants,” taking the expression “from between his feet” as a euphemism referring to the genitals. In this case the phrase refers by metonymy to those who come forth from his genitals, i.e., his descendants.

tn The Hebrew form שִׁילֹה (shiloh) is a major interpretive problem. There are at least four major options (with many variations and less likely alternatives): (1) Some prefer to leave the text as it is, reading “Shiloh” and understanding it as the place where the ark rested for a while in the time of the Judges. (2) By repointing the text others arrive at the translation “until the [or “his”] ruler comes,” a reference to a Davidic ruler or the Messiah. (3) Another possibility that does not require emendation of the consonantal text, but only repointing, is “until tribute is brought to him” (so NEB, JPS, NRSV), which has the advantage of providing good parallelism with the following line, “the nations will obey him.” (4) The interpretation followed in the present translation, “to whom it [belongs]” (so RSV, NIV, REB), is based on the ancient versions. Again, this would refer to the Davidic dynasty or, ultimately, to the Messiah.

tn “and to him [will be] the obedience of the nations.” For discussion of this verse see J. Blenkinsopp, “The Oracle of Judah and the Messianic Entry,” JBL 80 (1961): 55-64; and E. M. Good, “The ‘Blessing’ on Judah,” JBL 82 (1963): 427-32.



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