Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 9:3

Context
NETBible

then the hand of the Lord will surely bring 1  a very terrible plague 2  on your livestock in the field, on the horses, the donkeys, the camels, 3  the herds, and the flocks.

XREF

Ex 5:3; Ex 7:4; Ex 8:19; 1Sa 5:6-11; 1Sa 6:9; Ac 13:11

NET © Notes

tn The form used here is הוֹיָה (hoyah), the Qal active participle, feminine singular, from the verb “to be.” This is the only place in the OT that this form occurs. Ogden shows that this form is appropriate with the particle הִנֵּה (hinneh) to stress impending divine action, and that it conforms to the pattern in these narratives where five times the participle is used in the threat to Pharaoh (7:17; 8:2; 9:3, 14; 10:4). See G. S. Ogden, “Notes on the Use of הויה in Exodus IX. 3,” VT 17 (1967): 483-84.

tn The word דֶּבֶר (dever) is usually translated “pestilence” when it applies to diseases for humans. It is used only here and in Ps 78:50 for animals.

sn The older view that camels were not domesticated at this time (S. R. Driver, Exodus, 70; W. F. Albright, Archaeology and the Religion of Israel, 96; et. al.) has been corrected by more recently uncovered information (see K. A. Kitchen, NBD3 160-61).



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