Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 34:6

Context
NETBible

The Lord passed by before him and proclaimed: 1  “The Lord, the Lord, 2  the compassionate and gracious 3  God, slow to anger, 4  and abounding in loyal love and faithfulness, 5 

XREF

Ex 3:13-16; Ex 33:20-23; Nu 14:17-19; De 5:10; 1Ki 19:11; 2Ch 30:9; Ne 9:17; Ps 31:19; Ps 57:10; Ps 86:5,15; Ps 91:4; Ps 103:8-13; Ps 108:4; Ps 111:4; Ps 111:8; Ps 112:4; Ps 116:5; Ps 138:2; Ps 145:8; Ps 146:6; Isa 12:4; La 3:23; Joe 2:13; Jon 4:2; Mic 7:18; Mic 7:20; Joh 1:17; Ro 2:4; Ro 5:20,21; Eph 1:7,8

NET © Notes

tn Here is one of the clearest examples of what it means “to call on the name of the Lord,” as that clause has been translated traditionally (וַיִּקְרָא בְשֵׁם יְהוָה, vayyiqravÿshem yÿhvah). It seems more likely that it means “to make proclamation of Yahweh by name.” Yahweh came down and made a proclamation – and the next verses give the content of what he said. This cannot be prayer or praise; it is a proclamation of the nature or attributes of God (which is what his “name” means throughout the Bible). Attempts to make Moses the subject of the verb are awkward, for the verb is repeated in v. 6 with Yahweh clearly doing the proclaiming.

sn U. Cassuto (Exodus, 439) suggests that these two names be written as a sentence: “Yahweh, He is Yahweh.” In this manner it reflects “I am that I am.” It is impossible to define his name in any other way than to make this affirmation and then show what it means.

tn See Exod 33:19.

sn This is literally “long of anger.” His anger prolongs itself, allowing for people to repent before punishment is inflicted.

sn These two words (“loyal love” and “truth”) are often found together, occasionally in a hendiadys construction. If that is the interpretation here, then it means “faithful covenant love.” Even if they are left separate, they are dual elements of a single quality. The first word is God’s faithful covenant love; the second word is God’s reliability and faithfulness.



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