Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 20:4


“You shall not make for yourself a carved image 1  or any likeness 2  of anything 3  that is in heaven above or that is on the earth beneath or that is in the water below. 4 


Ex 32:1,8,23; Ex 34:17; Le 19:4; Le 26:1; De 4:15-19,23-25; De 5:8; De 27:15; 1Ki 12:28; 2Ch 33:7; Ps 97:7; Ps 115:4-8; Ps 135:15-18; Isa 40:18-20; Isa 42:8,17; Isa 44:9-20; Isa 45:16; Isa 46:5-8; Jer 10:3-5,8,9,14-16; Eze 8:10; Ac 17:29; Ac 19:26-35; Ro 1:23; Re 9:20; Re 13:14,15; Re 14:9-11; Re 16:2

NET © Notes

tn A פֶּסֶל (pesel) is an image that was carved out of wood or stone. The Law was concerned with a statue that would be made for the purpose of worship, an idol to be venerated, and not any ordinary statue.

tn The word תְּמוּנָה (tÿmunah) refers to the mental pattern from which the פֶּסֶל (pesel) is constructed; it is a real or imagined resemblance. If this is to stand as a second object to the verb, then the verb itself takes a slightly different nuance here. It would convey “you shall not make an image, neither shall you conceive a form” for worship (B. Jacob, Exodus, 547). Some simply make the second word qualify the first: “you shall not make an idol in the form of…” (NIV).

tn Here the phrase “of anything” has been supplied.

tn Heb “under the earth” (so KJV, ASV, NASB, NRSV).

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