Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Deuteronomy 21:14

Context
NETBible

If you are not pleased with her, then you must let her go 1  where she pleases. You cannot in any case sell 2  her; 3  you must not take advantage of 4  her, since you have already humiliated 5  her.

XREF

Ge 34:2; Ex 21:7-11; De 22:19,24,29; Jud 19:24

NET © Notes

sn Heb “send her off.” The Hebrew term שִׁלַּחְתָּה (shillakhtah) is a somewhat euphemistic way of referring to divorce, the matter clearly in view here (cf. Deut 22:19, 29; 24:1, 3; Jer 3:1; Mal 2:16). This passage does not have the matter of divorce as its principal objective, so it should not be understood as endorsing divorce generally. It merely makes the point that if grounds for divorce exist (see Deut 24:1-4), and then divorce ensues, the husband could in no way gain profit from it.

tn The Hebrew text uses the infinitive absolute for emphasis, which the translation indicates by the words “in any case.”

tn The Hebrew text includes “for money.” This phrase has not been included in the translation for stylistic reasons.

tn Or perhaps “must not enslave her” (cf. ASV, NAB, NIV, NRSV, NLT); Heb “[must not] be tyrannical over.”

sn You have humiliated her. Since divorce was considered rejection, the wife subjected to it would “lose face” in addition to the already humiliating event of having become a wife by force (21:11-13). Furthermore, the Hebrew verb translated “humiliated” here (עָנָה, ’anah), commonly used to speak of rape (cf. Gen 34:2; 2 Sam 13:12, 14, 22, 32; Judg 19:24), likely has sexual overtones as well. The woman may not be enslaved or abused after the divorce because it would be double humiliation (see also E. H. Merrill, Deuteronomy [NAC], 291).



TIP #26: To open links on Discovery Box in a new window, use the right click. [ALL]
created in 0.02 seconds
powered by bible.org