Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Amos 6:2

Context
NETBible

They say to the people: 1  “Journey over to Calneh and look at it! Then go from there to Hamath-Rabbah! 2  Then go down to Gath of the Philistines! Are they superior to our two 3  kingdoms? Is their territory larger than yours?” 4 

XREF

Ge 10:10; 1Sa 17:4,23; 2Ki 17:24,30; 2Ki 18:34; 2Ki 19:13; 2Ch 26:6; Isa 10:9; Isa 10:9-11; Isa 36:18,19; Isa 37:12,13; Jer 2:10,11; Eze 31:2,3; Na 3:8

NET © Notes

tn The words “They say to the people” are interpretive and supplied in the translation for clarification. The translation understands v. 2 as the boastful words, which the leaders (described in v. 1) spoke to those who came to them (v. 1b). Some interpret v. 2 differently, understanding the words as directed to the leaders by the prophet. Verse 2b would then be translated: “Are you (i.e., Israel and Judah) better than these kingdoms (i.e., Calneh, etc.)? Is your border larger than their border?” (This reading requires an emendation of the Hebrew text toward the end of the verse.) In this case the verse is a reminder to Judah/Israel that they are not superior to other nations, which have already fallen victim to military conquest. Consequently Judah/Israel should not expect to escape the same fate. Following this line of interpretation, some take v. 2 as a later addition since the Assyrians under Tiglath-pileser III conquered Calneh, Hamath, and Gath after the time of Amos’ ministry. However, this conclusion is not necessary since the kingdoms mentioned here had suffered military setbacks prior to Amos’ time as well. See S. M. Paul, Amos (Hermeneia), 201-4.

tn Or “Great Hamath” (cf. NIV); or “Hamath the great” (cf. KJV, NAB, NASB, NRSV); the word “rabbah” means “great” in Hebrew.

tn Heb “to these,” referring to Judah and Israel (see v. 1a).

tn Both rhetorical questions in this verse expect the answer “no.” If these words do come from the leaders, then this verse underscores their self-delusion of power (compare 6:13). The prophet had no such mistaken sense of national grandeur (7:2, 5).



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