A copy of this edict was to be presented as law throughout every province; it was to be made known to all the inhabitants, 1 so that they would be prepared for this day.
A copy of the edict was to be presented as law throughout each and every province and made known to all peoples, so that the Jews might be prepared on that 1 day to avenge themselves from their enemies.
So the royal scribes 1 were summoned in the first month, on the thirteenth day of the month. Everything Haman commanded was written to the king’s satraps 2 and governors who were in every province and to the officials of every people, province by province according to its script and people by people according to its language. In the name of King Ahasuerus it was written and sealed with the king’s signet ring.
He sent letters throughout all the royal provinces, to each province according to its own script and to each people according to its own language, 1 that every man should be ruling his family 2 and should be speaking the language of his own people. 3
They marched out of the city with the servants of the district governors in the lead and the army behind them.
The king’s scribes were quickly 1 summoned – in the third month (that is, the month of Sivan), on the twenty-third day. 2 They wrote out 3 everything that Mordecai instructed to the Jews and to the satraps and the governors and the officials of the provinces all the way from India to Ethiopia 4 – a hundred and twenty-seven provinces in all – to each province in its own script and to each people in their own language, and to the Jews according to their own script and their own language.
The nations – the surrounding regions – attacked him. They threw their net over him; he was caught in their pit.
Throughout each and every province where the king’s edict and law were announced 1 there was considerable 2 mourning among the Jews, along with fasting, weeping, and sorrow. 3 Sackcloth and ashes were characteristic 4 of many.
Throughout every province and throughout every city where the king’s edict and his law arrived, the Jews experienced happiness and joy, banquets and holidays. Many of the resident peoples 1 pretended 2 to be Jews, because the fear of the Jews had overcome them. 3
These days were to be remembered and to be celebrated in every generation and in every family, every province, and every city. The Jews were not to fail to observe these days of Purim; the remembrance of them was not to cease among their descendants.
Ahab asked, “By whom will this be accomplished?” 1 He answered, “This is what the Lord says, ‘By the servants of the district governors.’” Ahab 2 asked, “Who will launch the attack?” He answered, “You will.”
The servants of the district governors led the march. When Ben Hadad sent messengers, they reported back to him, “Men are marching out of Samaria.” 1
1 These are the people 2 of the province who were going up, 3 from the captives of the exile whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had forced into exile in Babylon. They returned to Jerusalem 4 and Judah, each to his own city.
They said to me, “The remnant that remains from the exile there in the province are experiencing considerable 1 adversity and reproach. The wall of Jerusalem lies breached, and its gates have been burned down!” 2
These are the people 1 of the province who returned 2 from the captivity of the exiles, whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had forced into exile. 3 They returned to Jerusalem and to Judah, each to his own city.
1 The following events happened 2 in the days of Ahasuerus. 3 (I am referring to 4 that Ahasuerus who used to rule over a hundred and twenty-seven provinces 5 extending all the way from India to Ethiopia. 6 )
in the third 1 year of his reign he provided a banquet for all his officials and his servants. The army 2 of Persia and Media 3 was present, 4 as well as the nobles and the officials of the provinces.
Then the king prepared a large banquet for all his officials and his servants – it was actually Esther’s banquet. He also set aside a holiday for the provinces, and he provided for offerings at the king’s expense. 1
This was to take place on a certain day throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus – namely, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month (that is, the month of Adar).
All the officials of the provinces, the satraps, the governors and those who performed the king’s business were assisting the Jews, for the dread of Mordecai had fallen on them.