But Jonathan had not heard about the oath his father had made the army take. He extended the end of his staff that was in his hand and dipped it in the honeycomb. When he ate it, 1 his eyes gleamed. 2
Then Jonathan said, “My father has caused trouble for the land. See how my eyes gleamed 1 when I tasted just a little of this honey.
Certainly if the army had eaten some of the enemies’ provisions that they came across today, would not the slaughter of the Philistines have been even greater?”
There was fierce war with the Philistines all the days of Saul. So whenever Saul saw anyone who was a warrior or a brave individual, he would conscript him.
Then Samuel said, “Does the Lord take pleasure in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as he does in obedience? 1 Certainly, 2 obedience 3 is better than sacrifice; paying attention is better than 4 the fat of rams.
Samuel said to him, “The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day and has given it to one of your colleagues who is better than you!
Let our lord instruct his servants who are here before you to look for a man who knows how to play the lyre. Then whenever the evil spirit from God comes upon you, he can play the lyre 1 and you will feel better.” 2
So whenever the spirit from God would come upon Saul, David would take his lyre and play it. This would bring relief to Saul and make him feel better. Then the evil spirit would leave him alone. 1
Saul replied, “Here is what you should say to David: ‘There is nothing that the king wants as a price for the bride except a hundred Philistine foreskins, so that he can be avenged of his 1 enemies.’” (Now Saul was thinking that he could kill David by the hand of the Philistines.)
He said to David, “You are more innocent 1 than I, for you have treated me well, even though I have tried to harm you!
David thought to himself, 1 “One of these days I’m going to be swept away by the hand of Saul! There is nothing better for me than to escape to the land of the Philistines. Then Saul will despair of searching for me through all the territory of Israel and I will escape from his hand.”
Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?” Saul replied, “I am terribly troubled! The Philistines are fighting against me and God has turned away from me. He does not answer me – not by the prophets nor by dreams. So I have called on you to tell me what I should do.”
But the leaders of the Philistines became angry with him and said 1 to him, “Send the man back! Let him return to the place that you assigned him! Don’t let him go down with us into the battle, for he might become 2 our adversary in the battle. What better way to please his lord than with the heads of these men? 3