The Gileadites captured the fords of the Jordan River 1 opposite Ephraim. 2 Whenever an Ephraimite fugitive 3 said, “Let me cross over,” the men of Gilead asked 4 him, “Are you an Ephraimite?” If he said, “No,”
They said to the messengers who had come, “Here’s what you should say to the men of Jabesh Gilead: ‘Tomorrow deliverance will come to you when the sun is fully up.’” When the messengers went and told the men of Jabesh Gilead, they were happy.
On the east side, between Hauran and Damascus, and between Gilead and the land of Israel, will be the Jordan. You will measure from the border to the eastern sea. This is the east side.
1 Then the daughters of Zelophehad son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh of the families of Manasseh, 2 the son Joseph came forward. Now these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.
Moses said to them: “If the Gadites and the Reubenites cross the Jordan with you, each one equipped for battle in the Lord’s presence, and you conquer the land, 1 then you must allot them the territory of Gilead as their possession.
King Sihon of the Amorites who lived 1 in Heshbon and ruled from Aroer (on the edge of the Arnon Valley) – including the city in the middle of the valley 2 and half of Gilead – all the way to the Jabbok Valley bordering Ammonite territory.
Beyond the Jordan east of Jericho 1 they selected 2 Bezer in the desert on the plain belonging to the tribe of Reuben, Ramoth in Gilead belonging to the tribe of Gad, and Golan in Bashan belonging to the tribe of Manasseh.
So the Reubenites, Gadites, and half-tribe of Manasseh left the Israelites in Shiloh in the land of Canaan and headed home to their own land in Gilead, 1 which they acquired by the Lord’s command through Moses.
Phinehas, son of Eleazar, the priest, and the leaders left the Reubenites and Gadites in the land of Gilead and reported back to the Israelites in the land of Canaan. 1
Gilead’s wife also gave 1 him sons. When his wife’s sons grew up, they made Jephthah leave and said to him, “You are not going to inherit any of our father’s wealth, 2 because you are another woman’s son.”
he 1 went and took the bones of Saul and of his son Jonathan 2 from the leaders 3 of Jabesh Gilead. (They had secretly taken 4 them from the plaza at Beth Shan. It was there that Philistines 5 publicly exposed their corpses 6 after 7 they 8 had killed Saul at Gilboa.)
During Pekah’s reign over Israel, King Tiglath-pileser of Assyria came and captured Ijon, Abel Beth Maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, 1 Gilead, and Galilee, including all the territory of Naphtali. He deported the people 2 to Assyria.
As for the Hebronites: Jeriah was the leader of the Hebronites according to the genealogical records. In the fortieth year of David’s reign, they examined the records and discovered 1 there were highly respected men in Jazer in Gilead.
“‘For the Lord says concerning the palace of the king of Judah, “This place looks like a veritable forest of Gilead to me. It is like the wooded heights of Lebanon in my eyes. But I swear that I will make it like a wilderness whose towns have all been deserted. 1
This is what the Lord says: “Because the Ammonites have committed three crimes 1 – make that four! 2 – I will not revoke my decree of judgment. 3 They ripped open Gilead’s pregnant women 4 so they could expand their territory.
Then the heads of the family groups 1 of the Gileadites, the descendant of Machir, the descendant of Manasseh, who were from the Josephite families, approached and spoke before Moses 2 and the leaders who were the heads of the Israelite families. 3
When he came before the king, the king asked him, “Micaiah, should we attack Ramoth Gilead or not?” He answered him, “Attack! You will succeed; the Lord will hand it over to the king.” 1