17:1 1 The Lord spoke to Moses: 17:2 “Speak to the Israelites, and receive from them a staff from each tribe, 2 one from every tribal leader, 3 twelve staffs; you must write each man’s name on his staff. 17:3 You must write Aaron’s name on the staff of Levi; for one staff is for the head of every tribe. 4 17:4 You must place them 5 in the tent of meeting before the ark of the covenant 6 where I meet with you. 17:5 And the staff of the man whom I choose will blossom; so I will rid myself of the complaints of the Israelites, which they murmur against you.”
17:6 So Moses spoke to the Israelites, and each of their leaders gave him a staff, one for each leader, 7 according to their tribes 8 – twelve staffs; the staff of Aaron was among their staffs. 17:7 Then Moses placed the staffs before the Lord in the tent of the testimony. 9
17:8 On the next day Moses went into the tent of the testimony – and 10 the staff of Aaron for the house of Levi had sprouted, and brought forth buds, and produced blossoms, and yielded almonds! 11 17:9 So Moses brought out all the staffs from before the Lord to all the Israelites. They looked at them, 12 and each man took his staff.
17:10 The Lord said to Moses, “Bring Aaron’s staff back before the testimony to be preserved for a sign to the rebels, so that you may bring their murmurings to an end 13 before me, that they will not die.” 14 17:11 So Moses did as the Lord commanded him – this is what he did.
2 tn Heb “receive from them a rod, a rod from the house of a father.”
3 tn Heb “from every leader of them according to their fathers’ house.”
4 tn Heb “one rod for the head of their fathers’ house.”
5 tn The verb is the Hiphil perfect of נוּחַ (nuakh, “to rest”), and so “to set at rest, lay, place, put.” The form with the vav (ו) consecutive continues the instruction of the previous verse.
6 tn The Hebrew text simply reads “the covenant” or “the testimony.”
7 tn Heb “a rod for one leader, a rod for one leader.”
8 tn Heb “the house of their fathers.”
9 tn The name of the tent now attests to the centrality of the ark of the covenant. Instead of the “tent of meeting” (מוֹעֵד, mo’ed) we now find the “the tent of the testimony” (הָעֵדֻת, ha’edut).
10 tn Here too the deictic particle (“and behold”) is added to draw attention to the sight in a vivid way.
11 sn There is no clear answer why the tribe of Levi had used an almond staff. The almond tree is one of the first to bud in the spring, and its white blossoms are a beautiful sign that winter is over. Its name became a name for “watcher”; Jeremiah plays on this name for God’s watching over his people (1:11-12).
12 tn The words “at them” are not in the Hebrew text, but they have been added in the translation for clarity.
13 tn The verb means “to finish; to complete” and here “to bring to an end.” It is the imperfect following the imperative, and so introduces a purpose clause (as a final imperfect).
14 tn This is another final imperfect in a purpose clause.
15 tn The use of הֵן (hen) and the perfect tense in the nuance of a prophetic perfect expresses their conviction that they were bound to die – it was certain (see GKC 312-13 §106.n).
17 tn The verse stresses the completeness of their death: “will we be consumed by dying” (הַאִם תַּמְנוּ לִגְוֹעַ, ha’im tamnu ligvoa’).