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Mark 14:32-46

Context
Gethsemane

14:32 Then 1  they went to a place called Gethsemane, and Jesus 2  said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.” 14:33 He took Peter, James, 3  and John with him, and became very troubled and distressed. 14:34 He said to them, “My soul is deeply grieved, even to the point of death. Remain here and stay alert.” 14:35 Going a little farther, he threw himself to the ground and prayed that if it were possible the hour would pass from him. 14:36 He said, “Abba, 4  Father, all things are possible for you. Take this cup 5  away from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.” 14:37 Then 6  he came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, “Simon, are you sleeping? Couldn’t you stay awake for one hour? 14:38 Stay awake and pray that you will not fall into temptation. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.” 14:39 He went away again and prayed the same thing. 14:40 When he came again he found them sleeping; they could not keep their eyes open. 7  And they did not know what to tell him. 14:41 He came a third time and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and resting? 8  Enough of that! 9  The hour has come. Look, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 14:42 Get up, let us go. Look! My betrayer 10  is approaching!”

Betrayal and Arrest

14:43 Right away, while Jesus 11  was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived. 12  With him came a crowd armed with swords and clubs, sent by the chief priests and experts in the law 13  and elders. 14:44 (Now the betrayer 14  had given them a sign, saying, “The one I kiss is the man. Arrest him and lead him away under guard.”) 15  14:45 When Judas 16  arrived, he went up to Jesus 17  immediately and said, “Rabbi!” and kissed 18  him. 14:46 Then they took hold of him 19  and arrested him.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

2 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Grk “and James,” but καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

4 tn The word means “Father” in Aramaic.

5 sn This cup alludes to the wrath of God that Jesus would experience (in the form of suffering and death) for us. See Ps 11:6; 75:8-9; Isa 51:17, 19, 22 for this figure.

6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

7 tn Grk “because their eyes were weighed down,” an idiom for becoming extremely or excessively sleepy (L&N 23.69).

8 tn Or “Sleep on, and get your rest.” This sentence can be taken either as a question or a sarcastic command.

9 tc Codex D (with some support with minor variation from W Θ Ë13 565 2542 pc it) reads, “Enough of that! It is the end and the hour has come.” Evidently, this addition highlights Jesus’ assertion that what he had predicted about his own death was now coming true (cf. Luke 22:37). Even though the addition highlights the accuracy of Jesus’ prediction, it should not be regarded as part of the text of Mark, since it receives little support from the rest of the witnesses and because D especially is prone to expand the wording of a text.

10 tn Grk “the one who betrays me.”

11 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

12 tn Or “approached.” This is a different verb than the one translated “arrived” in Matt 26:47 and below in v. 45, although in this context the meanings probably overlap.

13 tn Or “from the chief priests, scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 1:22.

14 tn Grk “the one who betrays him.”

15 sn This remark is parenthetical within the narrative and has thus been placed in parentheses.

16 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Judas) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

17 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

18 sn Judas’ act of betrayal when he kissed Jesus is especially sinister when it is realized that it was common in the culture of the times for a disciple to kiss his master when greeting him.

19 tn Grk “put their hands on him.”



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