13:2 Jesus said to him, “Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone will be left on another. 1 All will be torn down!” 2
13:5 Jesus began to say to them, “Watch out 3 that no one misleads you. 13:6 Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he,’ 4 and they will mislead many. 13:7 When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. These things must happen, but the end is still to come. 5 13:8 For nation will rise up in arms 6 against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places, and there will be famines. 7 These are but the beginning of birth pains.
13:9 “You must watch out for yourselves. You will be handed over 8 to councils 9 and beaten in the synagogues. 10 You will stand before governors and kings 11 because of me, as a witness to them. 13:10 First the gospel must be preached to all nations. 13:11 When they arrest you and hand you over for trial, do not worry about what to speak. But say whatever is given you at that time, 12 for it is not you speaking, but the Holy Spirit. 13:12 Brother will hand over brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rise against 13 parents and have them put to death. 13:13 You will be hated by everyone because of my name. 14 But the one who endures to the end will be saved. 15
13:14 “But when you see the abomination of desolation 16 standing where it should not be (let the reader understand), then those in Judea must flee 17 to the mountains. 13:15 The one on the roof 18 must not come down or go inside to take anything out of his house. 19 13:16 The one in the field must not turn back to get his cloak. 13:17 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing their babies in those days! 13:18 Pray that it may not be in winter. 13:19 For in those days there will be suffering 20 unlike anything that has happened 21 from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, or ever will happen. 13:20 And if the Lord had not cut short those days, no one would be saved. But because of the elect, whom he chose, he has cut them 22 short. 13:21 Then 23 if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Christ!’ 24 or ‘Look, there he is!’ do not believe him. 13:22 For false messiahs 25 and false prophets will appear and perform signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, the elect. 13:23 Be careful! I have told you everything ahead of time.
1 sn With the statement not one stone will be left on another Jesus predicted the total destruction of the temple, something that did occur in
2 tn Grk “not one stone will be left here on another which will not be thrown down.”
3 tn Or “Be on guard.”
4 tn That is, “I am the Messiah.”
5 tn Grk “it is not yet the end.”
6 tn For the translation “rise up in arms” see L&N 55.2.
9 sn Councils in this context refers to local judicial bodies attached to the Jewish synagogue. This group would be responsible for meting out justice and discipline within the Jewish community.
11 sn These statements look at persecution both from a Jewish context as the mention of councils and synagogues suggests, and from a Gentile one as the reference to governors and kings suggests. Some fulfillment of Jewish persecution can be seen in Acts.
12 tn Grk “in that hour.”
13 tn Or “will rebel against.”
15 sn But the one who endures to the end will be saved. Jesus was not claiming here that salvation is by works, because he had already taught that it is by grace (cf. 10:15). He was simply arguing that genuine faith evidences itself in persistence through even the worst of trials.
16 sn The reference to the abomination of desolation is an allusion to Dan 9:27. Though some have seen the fulfillment of Daniel’s prophecy in the actions of Antiochus IV (or a representative of his) in 167
18 sn Most of the roofs in the NT were flat roofs made of pounded dirt, sometimes mixed with lime or stones, supported by heavy wooden beams. They generally had an easy means of access, either a sturdy wooden ladder or stone stairway, sometimes on the outside of the house.
19 sn The nature of the judgment coming upon them will be so quick and devastating that one will not have time to come down or go inside to take anything out of his house. It is best just to escape as quickly as possible.
20 tn Traditionally, “tribulation.”
21 sn Suffering unlike anything that has happened. Some refer this event to the destruction of Jerusalem in
22 tn Grk “the days.”
23 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.
24 tn Or “the Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
sn See the note on Christ in 8:29.
25 tn Or “false christs”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”