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John 3:14

Context
3:14 Just as 1  Moses lifted up the serpent 2  in the wilderness, 3  so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 4 

John 5:45-47

Context

5:45 “Do not suppose that I will accuse you before the Father. The one who accuses you is Moses, in whom you have placed your hope. 5  5:46 If 6  you believed Moses, you would believe me, because he wrote about me. 5:47 But if you do not believe what Moses 7  wrote, how will you believe my words?”

John 6:32

Context

6:32 Then Jesus told them, “I tell you the solemn truth, 8  it is not Moses who has given you the bread from heaven, but my Father is giving you the true bread from heaven.

John 6:49

Context
6:49 Your ancestors 9  ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died.

John 7:19

Context
7:19 Hasn’t Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps 10  the law! Why do you want 11  to kill me?”

John 7:22

Context
7:22 However, because Moses gave you the practice of circumcision 12  (not that it came from Moses, but from the forefathers), you circumcise a male child 13  on the Sabbath.

1 tn Grk “And just as.”

2 sn Or the snake, referring to the bronze serpent mentioned in Num 21:9.

3 sn An allusion to Num 21:5-9.

4 sn So must the Son of Man be lifted up. This is ultimately a prediction of Jesus’ crucifixion. Nicodemus could not have understood this, but John’s readers, the audience to whom the Gospel is addressed, certainly could have (compare the wording of John 12:32). In John, being lifted up refers to one continuous action of ascent, beginning with the cross but ending at the right hand of the Father. Step 1 is Jesus’ death; step 2 is his resurrection; and step 3 is the ascension back to heaven. It is the upward swing of the “pendulum” which began with the incarnation, the descent of the Word become flesh from heaven to earth (cf. Paul in Phil 2:5-11). See also the note on the title Son of Man in 1:51.

5 sn The final condemnation will come from Moses himself – again ironic, since Moses is the very one the Jewish authorities have trusted in (placed your hope). This is again ironic if it is occurring at Pentecost, which at this time was being celebrated as the occasion of the giving of the Torah to Moses on Mt. Sinai. There is evidence that some Jews of the 1st century looked on Moses as their intercessor at the final judgment (see W. A. Meeks, The Prophet King [NovTSup], 161). This would mean the statement Moses, in whom you have placed your hope should be taken literally and relates directly to Jesus’ statements about the final judgment in John 5:28-29.

6 tn Grk “For if.”

7 tn Grk “that one” (“he”); the referent (Moses) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

8 tn Grk “Truly, truly, I say to you.”

9 tn Or “forefathers”; Grk “fathers.”

10 tn Or “accomplishes”; Grk “does.”

11 tn Grk “seek.”

12 tn Grk “gave you circumcision.”

13 tn Grk “a man.” While the text literally reads “circumcise a man” in actual fact the practice of circumcising male infants on the eighth day after birth (see Phil 3:5) is primarily what is in view here.



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