1:2 My brothers and sisters, 1 consider it nothing but joy 2 when you fall into all sorts of trials, 1:3 because you know that the testing of your faith produces endurance. 1:4 And let endurance have its perfect effect, so that you will be perfect and complete, not deficient in anything. 1:5 But if anyone is deficient in wisdom, he should ask God, who gives to all generously and without reprimand, and it will be given to him. 1:6 But he must ask in faith without doubting, for the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed around by the wind. 1:7 For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord, 1:8 since he is a double-minded individual, 3 unstable in all his ways.
1:9 Now the believer 4 of humble means 5 should take pride 6 in his high position. 7 1:10 But the rich person’s pride should be in his humiliation, because he will pass away like a wildflower in the meadow. 8 1:11 For the sun rises with its heat and dries up the meadow; the petal of the flower falls off and its beauty is lost forever. 9 So also the rich person in the midst of his pursuits will wither away. 1:12 Happy is the one 10 who endures testing, because when he has proven to be genuine, he will receive the crown of life that God 11 promised to those who love him. 1:13 Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted by evil, 12 and he himself tempts no one. 1:14 But each one is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desires. 1:15 Then when desire conceives, it gives birth to sin, and when sin is full grown, it gives birth to death. 1:16 Do not be led astray, my dear brothers and sisters. 13 1:17 All generous giving and every perfect gift 14 is from above, coming down 15 from the Father of lights, with whom there is no variation or the slightest hint of change. 16 1:18 By his sovereign plan he gave us birth 17 through the message of truth, that we would be a kind of firstfruits of all he created.
1 tn Grk “brothers,” but the Greek word may be used for “brothers and sisters” or “fellow Christians” as here (cf. BDAG 18 s.v. ἀδελφός 1, where considerable nonbiblical evidence for the plural ἀδελφοί [adelfoi] meaning “brothers and sisters” is cited). Where the plural term is used in direct address, as here, “brothers and sisters” is used; where the term is singular and not direct address (as in v. 9), “believer” is preferred.
2 tn Grk “all joy,” “full joy,” or “greatest joy.”
3 tn Grk “a man of two minds,” continuing the description of the person in v. 7, giving the reason that he cannot expect to receive anything. The word for “man” or “individual” is ἀνήρ (anhr), which often means “male” or “man (as opposed to woman).” But it sometimes is used generically to mean “anyone,” “a person,” as here (cf. BDAG 79 s.v. 2).
sn A double-minded man is one whose devotion to God is less than total. His attention is divided between God and other things, and as a consequence he is unstable and therefore unable to receive from God.
4 tn Grk “brother.” Here the term “brother” means “fellow believer” or “fellow Christian” (cf. TEV, NLT “Christians”; CEV “God’s people”). The term broadly connotes familial relationships within the family of God (cf. BDAG 18 s.v. ἀδελφός 2.a).
6 tn Grk “let him boast.”
7 tn Grk “his height,” “his exaltation.”
8 tn Grk “a flower of grass.”
9 tn Or “perishes,” “is destroyed.”
10 tn The word for “man” or “individual” here is ἀνήρ (anhr), which often means “male” or “man (as opposed to woman).” However, as BDAG 79 s.v. 2 says, here it is “equivalent to τὶς someone, a person.”
11 tc Most
12 tn Or “God must not be tested by evil people.”
14 tn The first phrase refers to the action of giving and the second to what is given.
15 tn Or “All generous giving and every perfect gift from above is coming down.”
16 tn Grk “variation or shadow of turning” (referring to the motions of heavenly bodies causing variations of light and darkness).
17 tn Grk “Having willed, he gave us birth.”