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Genesis 27:27-30

Context
27:27 So Jacob 1  went over and kissed him. When Isaac caught the scent 2  of his clothing, he blessed him, saying,

“Yes, 3  my son smells

like the scent of an open field

which the Lord has blessed.

27:28 May God give you

the dew of the sky 4 

and the richness 5  of the earth,

and plenty of grain and new wine.

27:29 May peoples serve you

and nations bow down to you.

You will be 6  lord 7  over your brothers,

and the sons of your mother will bow down to you. 8 

May those who curse you be cursed,

and those who bless you be blessed.”

27:30 Isaac had just finished blessing Jacob, and Jacob had scarcely left 9  his father’s 10  presence, when his brother Esau returned from the hunt. 11 

1 tn Heb “and he”; the referent (Jacob) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

2 tn Heb “and he smelled the smell”; the referent (Isaac) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

3 tn Heb “see.”

4 tn Heb “and from the dew of the sky.”

5 tn Heb “and from the fatness.”

6 tn Heb “and be.” The verb is an imperative, which is used rhetorically in this oracle of blessing. It is an invitation to exercise authority his brothers and indicates that he is granted such authority by the patriarch of the family. Furthermore, the blessing enables the recipient to accomplish this.

7 tn The Hebrew word is גְבִיר (gevir, “lord, mighty one”). The one being blessed will be stronger and therefore more powerful than his brother. See Gen 25:23. The feminine form of this rare noun means “mistress” or “queen-mother.”

8 tn Following the imperative, the prefixed verbal form (which is either an imperfect or a jussive) with the prefixed conjunction indicates purpose or result.

9 tn The use of the infinitive absolute before the finite form of the verb makes the construction emphatic.

10 tn Heb “the presence of Isaac his father.” The repetition of the proper name (“Isaac”) was

11 tn Heb “and Esau his brother came from his hunt.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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