1:6 God said, “Let there be an expanse 1 in the midst of the waters and let it separate water 2 from water. 1:7 So God made the expanse and separated the water under the expanse from the water above it. 3 It was so. 4 1:8 God called the expanse “sky.” 5 There was evening, and there was morning, a second day.
sn An expanse. In the poetic texts the writers envision, among other things, something rather strong and shiny, no doubt influencing the traditional translation “firmament” (cf. NRSV “dome”). Job 37:18 refers to the skies poured out like a molten mirror. Dan 12:3 and Ezek 1:22 portray it as shiny. The sky or atmosphere may have seemed like a glass dome. For a detailed study of the Hebrew conception of the heavens and sky, see L. I. J. Stadelmann, The Hebrew Conception of the World (AnBib), 37-60.
2 tn Heb “the waters from the waters.”
3 tn Heb “the expanse.”
4 tn This statement indicates that it happened the way God designed it, underscoring the connection between word and event.
5 tn Though the Hebrew word can mean “heaven,” it refers in this context to “the sky.”