1 sn Living waters will flow out from Jerusalem. Ezekiel sees this same phenomenon in conjunction with the inauguration of the messianic age (Ezek 47; cf. Rev 22:1-5; also John 7:38).
2 sn The eastern sea is a reference to the Dead Sea (cf. NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT).
3 sn The western sea is a reference to the Mediterranean Sea (cf. NCV, TEV, CEV, NLT).