12:2 “I am about to make Jerusalem 1 a cup that brings dizziness 2 to all the surrounding nations; indeed, Judah will also be included when Jerusalem is besieged. 12:3 Moreover, on that day I will make Jerusalem a heavy burden 3 for all the nations, and all who try to carry it will be seriously injured; 4 yet all the peoples of the earth will be assembled against it.
2 sn The image of a cup that brings dizziness is that of drunkenness. The
3 tn Heb “heavy stone” (so NRSV, TEV, NLT); KJV “burdensome stone”; NIV “an immovable rock.”
4 sn In Israel’s and Judah’s past they had been uprooted by various conquerors such as the Assyrians and the Babylonians. In the eschaton, however, they will be so “heavy” with God’s glory and so rooted in his promises that no nation will be able to move them.