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Romans 8:11

Context
8:11 Moreover if the Spirit of the one 1  who raised Jesus from the dead lives in you, the one who raised Christ 2  from the dead will also make your mortal bodies alive through his Spirit who lives in you. 3 

Romans 8:23

Context
8:23 Not only this, but we ourselves also, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, 4  groan inwardly as we eagerly await our adoption, 5  the redemption of our bodies. 6 

1 sn The one who raised Jesus from the dead refers to God (also in the following clause).

2 tc Several mss read ᾿Ιησοῦν (Ihsoun, “Jesus”) after Χριστόν (Criston, “Christ”; א* A D* 630 1506 1739 1881 pc bo); C 81 104 lat have ᾿Ιησοῦν Χριστόν. The shorter reading is more likely to be original, though, both because of external evidence (א2 B D2 F G Ψ 33 Ï sa) and internal evidence (scribes were much more likely to add the name “Jesus” if it were lacking than to remove it if it were already present in the text, especially to harmonize with the earlier mention of Jesus in the verse).

3 tc Most mss (B D F G Ψ 33 1739 1881 Ï lat) have διά (dia) followed by the accusative: “because of his Spirit who lives in you.” The genitive “through his Spirit” is supported by א A C(*) 81 104 1505 1506 al, and is slightly preferred.

4 tn Or “who have the Spirit as firstfruits.” The genitive πνεύματος (pneumatos) can be understood here as possessive (“the firstfruits belonging to the Spirit”) although it is much more likely that this is a genitive of apposition (“the firstfruits, namely, the Spirit”); cf. TEV, NLT.

5 tn See the note on “adoption” in v. 15.

6 tn Grk “body.”



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