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Revelation 4:4

Context
4:4 In 1  a circle around the throne were twenty-four other thrones, and seated on those thrones were twenty-four elders. They were 2  dressed in white clothing and had golden crowns 3  on their heads.

Revelation 4:6

Context
4:6 and in front of the throne was something like a sea of glass, like crystal. 4 

In 5  the middle of the throne 6  and around the throne were four living creatures 7  full of eyes in front and in back.

Revelation 4:9-10

Context

4:9 And whenever the living creatures give glory, honor, 8  and thanks to the one who sits on the throne, who lives forever and ever, 4:10 the twenty-four elders throw themselves to the ground 9  before the one who sits on the throne and worship the one who lives forever and ever, and they offer their crowns 10  before his 11  throne, saying:

1 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

2 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation by supplying the words “They were” to indicate the connection to the preceding material.

3 sn See the note on the word crown in Rev 3:11.

4 tn This could refer to rock crystal, but it is possible this refers to ice (an older meaning). See BDAG 571 s.v. κρύσταλλος.

5 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

6 tn Perhaps, “in the middle of the throne area” (see L&N 83.10).

7 tn On the meaning of ζῴον (zwon) BDAG 431 s.v. 2 states, “Of the four peculiar beings at God’s throne, whose description Rv 4:6-9 reminds one of the ζῷα in Ezk 1:5ff, the cherubim. S. also Rv 5:6, 8, 11, 14; 6:1, 3, 5-7; 7:11; 14:3; 15:7; 19:4.”

8 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated since English normally uses a coordinating conjunction only between the last two elements in a series of three or more.

9 tn Grk “the twenty-four elders fall down.” BDAG 815 s.v. πίπτω 1.b.α.ב. has “fall down, throw oneself to the ground as a sign of devotion or humility, before high-ranking persons or divine beings.”

10 sn See the note on the word crown in Rev 3:11.

11 tn The pronoun “his” is understood from the demonstrative force of the article τοῦ (tou) before θρόνου (qronou).



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