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Revelation 12:7-9

War in Heaven

12:7 Then 1  war broke out in heaven: Michael 2  and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. 12:8 But 3  the dragon was not strong enough to prevail, 4  so there was no longer any place left 5  in heaven for him and his angels. 6  12:9 So 7  that huge dragon – the ancient serpent, the one called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world – was thrown down to the earth, and his angels along with him.

Revelation 20:7-10

Satan’s Final Defeat

20:7 Now 8  when the thousand years are finished, Satan will be released from his prison 20:8 and will go out to deceive 9  the nations at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, 10  to bring them together for the battle. They are as numerous as the grains of sand in the sea. 11  20:9 They 12  went up 13  on the broad plain of the earth 14  and encircled 15  the camp 16  of the saints and the beloved city, but 17  fire came down from heaven and devoured them completely. 18  20:10 And the devil who deceived 19  them was thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, 20  where the beast and the false prophet are 21  too, and they will be tormented there day and night forever and ever.

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence within the narrative.

2 sn The archangel Michael had a special role in protecting the nation of Israel in the OT (Dan 10:13, 21; 12:1; see also Jude 9).

3 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the implied contrast.

4 tn The words “to prevail” are not in the Greek text, but are implied.

5 tn Grk “found.”

6 tn Grk “for them”; the referent (the dragon and his angels, v. 7) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

7 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the result of the war in heaven.

8 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

9 tn Or “mislead.”

10 sn The battle with Gog and Magog is described in the OT in Ezek 38:1-39:20.

11 tn Grk “of whom the number of them [is] like the sand of the sea” (an allusion to Isa 10:22).

12 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

13 tn The shift here to past tense reflects the Greek text.

14 tn On the phrase “broad plain of the earth” BDAG 823 s.v. πλάτος states, “τὸ πλάτος τῆς γῆς Rv 20:9 comes fr. the OT (Da 12:2 LXX. Cp. Hab 1:6; Sir 1:3), but the sense is not clear: breadth = the broad plain of the earth is perh. meant to provide room for the countless enemies of God vs. 8, but the ‘going up’ is better suited to Satan (vs. 7) who has recently been freed, and who comes up again fr. the abyss (vs. 3).” The referent here thus appears to be a plain large enough to accommodate the numberless hoards that have drawn up for battle against the Lord Christ and his saints.

15 tn Or “surrounded.”

16 tn On the term παρεμβολή (parembolh) BDAG 775 s.v. states, “Mostly used as a military t.t.…so always in our lit.…1. a (fortified) campἡ παρεμβολὴ τῶν ἁγίων Rv 20:9 is also to be understood fr. the OT use of the word.”

17 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context.

18 tn See L&N 20.45 for the translation of κατεσθίω (katesqiw) as “to destroy utterly, to consume completely.”

19 tn Or “misled.”

20 tn Traditionally, “brimstone.”

21 tn The verb in this clause is elided. In keeping with the previous past tenses some translations supply a past tense verb here (“were”), but in view of the future tense that follows (“they will be tormented”), a present tense verb was used to provide a transition from the previous past tense to the future tense that follows.

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