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Psalms 83:2-8


83:2 For look, your enemies are making a commotion;

those who hate you are hostile. 1 

83:3 They carefully plot 2  against your people,

and make plans to harm 3  the ones you cherish. 4 

83:4 They say, “Come on, let’s annihilate them so they are no longer a nation! 5 

Then the name of Israel will be remembered no more.”

83:5 Yes, 6  they devise a unified strategy; 7 

they form an alliance 8  against you.

83:6 It includes 9  the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,

Moab and the Hagrites, 10 

83:7 Gebal, 11  Ammon, and Amalek,

Philistia and the inhabitants of Tyre. 12 

83:8 Even Assyria has allied with them,

lending its strength to the descendants of Lot. 13  (Selah)

1 tn Heb “lift up [their] head[s].” The phrase “lift up [the] head” here means “to threaten; to be hostile,” as in Judg 8:28.

2 tn Heb “they make crafty a plot.”

3 tn Heb “and consult together against.”

4 tn The passive participle of the Hebrew verb צָפַן (tsafan, “to hide”) is used here in the sense of “treasured; cherished.”

5 tn Heb “we will cause them to disappear from [being] a nation.”

6 tn Or “for.”

7 tn Heb “they consult [with] a heart together.”

8 tn Heb “cut a covenant.”

9 tn The words “it includes” are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

10 sn The Hagrites are also mentioned in 1 Chr 5:10, 19-20.

11 sn Some identify Gebal with the Phoenician coastal city of Byblos (see Ezek 27:9, where the name is spelled differently), though others locate this site south of the Dead Sea (see BDB 148 s.v. גְּבַל; HALOT 174 s.v. גְּבַל).

12 map For location see Map1 A2; Map2 G2; Map4 A1; JP3 F3; JP4 F3.

13 tn Heb “they are an arm for the sons of Lot.” The “arm” is here a symbol of military might.

sn The descendants of Lot were the Moabites and Ammonites.

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