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Psalms 78:8

Context

78:8 Then they will not be like their ancestors,

who were a stubborn and rebellious generation,

a generation that was not committed

and faithful to God. 1 

Psalms 78:10-37

Context

78:10 They did not keep their covenant with God, 2 

and they refused to obey 3  his law.

78:11 They forgot what he had done, 4 

the amazing things he had shown them.

78:12 He did amazing things in the sight of their ancestors,

in the land of Egypt, in the region of Zoan. 5 

78:13 He divided the sea and led them across it;

he made the water stand in a heap.

78:14 He led them with a cloud by day,

and with the light of a fire all night long.

78:15 He broke open rocks in the wilderness,

and gave them enough water to fill the depths of the sea. 6 

78:16 He caused streams to flow from the rock,

and made the water flow like rivers.

78:17 Yet they continued to sin against him,

and rebelled against the sovereign One 7  in the desert.

78:18 They willfully challenged God 8 

by asking for food to satisfy their appetite.

78:19 They insulted God, saying, 9 

“Is God really able to give us food 10  in the wilderness?

78:20 Yes, 11  he struck a rock and water flowed out,

streams gushed forth.

But can he also give us food?

Will he provide meat for his people?”

78:21 When 12  the Lord heard this, he was furious.

A fire broke out against Jacob,

and his anger flared up 13  against Israel,

78:22 because they did not have faith in God,

and did not trust his ability to deliver them. 14 

78:23 He gave a command to the clouds above,

and opened the doors in the sky.

78:24 He rained down manna for them to eat;

he gave them the grain of heaven. 15 

78:25 Man ate the food of the mighty ones. 16 

He sent them more than enough to eat. 17 

78:26 He brought the east wind through the sky,

and by his strength led forth the south wind.

78:27 He rained down meat on them like dust,

birds as numerous as the sand on the seashores. 18 

78:28 He caused them to fall right in the middle of their camp,

all around their homes.

78:29 They ate until they were stuffed; 19 

he gave them what they desired.

78:30 They were not yet filled up, 20 

their food was still in their mouths,

78:31 when the anger of God flared up against them.

He killed some of the strongest of them;

he brought the young men of Israel to their knees.

78:32 Despite all this, they continued to sin,

and did not trust him to do amazing things. 21 

78:33 So he caused them to die unsatisfied 22 

and filled with terror. 23 

78:34 When he struck them down, 24  they sought his favor; 25 

they turned back and longed for God.

78:35 They remembered that God was their protector, 26 

and that the sovereign God was their deliverer. 27 

78:36 But they deceived him with their words, 28 

and lied to him. 29 

78:37 They were not really committed to him, 30 

and they were unfaithful to his covenant.

1 tn Heb “a generation that did not make firm its heart and whose spirit was not faithful with God.” The expression “make firm the heart” means “to be committed, devoted” (see 1 Sam 7:3).

2 tn Heb “the covenant of God.”

3 tn Heb “walk in.”

4 tn Heb “his deeds.”

5 sn The region of Zoan was located in the Egyptian delta, where the enslaved Israelites lived (see Num 13:22; Isa 19:11, 13; 30:4; Ezek 30:14).

6 tn Heb “and caused them to drink, like the depths, abundantly.”

7 tn Heb “rebelling [against] the Most High.”

8 tn Heb “and they tested God in their heart.” The “heart” is viewed here as the center of their volition.

9 tn Heb “they spoke against God, they said.”

10 tn Heb “to arrange a table [for food].”

11 tn Heb “look.”

12 tn Heb “therefore.”

13 tn Heb “and also anger went up.”

14 tn Heb “and they did not trust his deliverance.”

15 sn Manna was apparently shaped like a seed (Exod 16:31), perhaps explaining why it is here compared to grain.

16 sn Because of the reference to “heaven” in the preceding verse, it is likely that mighty ones refers here to the angels of heaven. The LXX translates “angels” here, as do a number of modern translations (NEB, NIV, NRSV).

17 tn Heb “provision he sent to them to satisfaction.”

18 tn Heb “and like the sand of the seas winged birds.”

19 tn Heb “and they ate and were very satisfied.”

20 tn Heb “they were not separated from their desire.”

21 tn Heb “and did not believe in his amazing deeds.”

22 tn Heb “and he ended in vanity their days.”

23 tn Heb “and their years in terror.”

24 tn Or “killed them,” that is, killed large numbers of them.

25 tn Heb “they sought him.”

26 tn Heb “my high rocky summit.”

27 tn Heb “and [that] God Most High [was] their redeemer.”

28 tn Heb “with their mouth.”

29 tn Heb “and with their tongue they lied to him.”

30 tn Heb “and their heart was not firm with him.”



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