For the music director; a psalm of David, written when Nathan the prophet confronted him after David’s affair with Bathsheba. 2
I am forever conscious of my sin. 7
forgive my sin, because it is great. 9
34:6 This oppressed man cried out and the Lord heard;
he saved him 10 from all his troubles.
34:18 The Lord is near the brokenhearted;
1 sn Psalm 51. The psalmist confesses his sinfulness to God and begs for forgiveness and a transformation of his inner character. According to the psalm superscription, David offered this prayer when Nathan confronted him with his sin following the king’s affair with Bathsheba (see 2 Sam 11-12). However, the final two verses of the psalm hardly fit this situation, for they assume the walls of Jerusalem have been destroyed and that the sacrificial system has been temporarily suspended. These verses are probably an addition to the psalm made during the period of exile following the fall of Jerusalem in 586
2 tn Heb “a psalm by David, when Nathan the prophet came to him when he had gone to Bathsheba.”
3 tn Or “according to.”
4 tn Or “according to.”
5 tn Traditionally “blot out my transgressions.” Because of the reference to washing and cleansing in the following verse, it is likely that the psalmist is comparing forgiveness to wiping an object clean (note the use of the verb מָחָה (makhah) in the sense of “wipe clean; dry” in 2 Kgs 21:13; Prov 30:20; Isa 25:8). Another option is that the psalmist is comparing forgiveness to erasing or blotting out names from a register (see Exod 32:32-33). In this case one might translate, “erase all record of my rebellious acts.”
6 tn Heb “know.”
7 tn Heb “and my sin [is] in front of me continually.”
8 tn Heb “name.” By forgiving the sinful psalmist, the
9 sn Forgive my sin, because it is great. The psalmist readily admits his desperate need for forgiveness.
10 tn The pronoun refers back to “this oppressed man,” namely, the psalmist.
11 tn The Hebrew imperfect verbal form highlights the generalizing statement and draws attention to the fact that the
12 tn Heb “the crushed in spirit.”