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Psalms 46:5

Context

46:5 God lives within it, 1  it cannot be moved. 2 

God rescues it 3  at the break of dawn. 4 

Psalms 46:11

Context

46:11 The Lord who commands armies is on our side! 5 

The God of Jacob 6  is our protector! 7  (Selah)

1 tn Heb “God [is] within her.” The feminine singular pronoun refers to the city mentioned in v. 4.

2 tn Another option is to translate the imperfect verbal form as future, “it will not be upended.” Even if one chooses this option, the future tense must be understood in a generalizing sense. The verb מוֹט (mot), translated “upended” here, is used in v. 2 of the mountains “tumbling” into the seas and in v. 6 of nations being “upended.” By way of contrast, Jerusalem, God’s dwelling place, is secure and immune from such turmoil and destruction.

3 tn Or “helps her.” The imperfect draws attention to the generalizing character of the statement.

4 tn Heb “at the turning of morning.” (For other uses of the expression see Exod 14:27 and Judg 19:26).

sn At the break of dawn. The “morning” is viewed metaphorically as a time of deliverance and vindication after the dark “night” of trouble (see Ps 30:5; Isa 17:14). There may be an allusion here to Exod 14:27 (where the Lord destroyed the Egyptians at the “break of dawn”) or, more likely, to the miraculous deliverance of Jerusalem from the Assyrian siege, when the people discovered the dead bodies of the Assyrian army in the morning (Isa 37:36).

5 tn Heb “the Lord of hosts is with us.” The title “Lord of hosts” here pictures the Lord as a mighty warrior-king who leads armies into battle (see Ps 24:10). The military imagery is further developed in vv. 8-9.

6 tn That is, Israel, or Judah (see Ps 20:1).

7 tn Heb “our elevated place” (see Pss 9:9; 18:2).



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