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Matthew 27:17-21

Context
27:17 So after they had assembled, Pilate said to them, “Whom do you want me to release for you, Jesus 1  Barabbas or Jesus who is called the Christ?” 2  27:18 (For he knew that they had handed him over because of envy.) 3  27:19 As 4  he was sitting on the judgment seat, 5  his wife sent a message 6  to him: 7  “Have nothing to do with that innocent man; 8  I have suffered greatly as a result of a dream 9  about him today.” 27:20 But the chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas and to have Jesus killed. 27:21 The 10  governor asked them, “Which of the two do you want me to release for you?” And they said, “Barabbas!”

1 tc Again, as in v. 16, the name “Jesus” is supplied before “Barabbas” in Θ Ë1 700* pc sys Ormss (Θ 700* lack the article τόν [ton] before Βαραββᾶν [Barabban]). The same argument for accepting the inclusion of “Jesus” as original in the previous verse applies here as well.

2 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”

sn See the note on Christ in 1:16.

3 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.

4 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

5 tn Or “the judge’s seat.”

sn The judgment seat (βῆμα, bhma) was a raised platform mounted by steps and usually furnished with a seat. It was used by officials in addressing an assembly or making official pronouncements, often of a judicial nature.

6 tn The word “message” is not in the Greek text, but is implied. Direct objects were frequently omitted in Greek when clear from the context.

7 tn Grk “saying.” The participle λέγουσα (legousa) is redundant here in contemporary English and has not been translated.

8 tn The Greek particle γάρ (gar, “for”) has not been translated here.

9 tn Or “suffered greatly in a dream.” See the discussion on the construction κατ᾿ ὄναρ (katonar) in BDAG 710 s.v. ὄναρ.

10 tn Grk “answering, the governor said to them.” This construction is somewhat redundant in English and has been simplified in the translation. Here δέ (de) has not been translated.



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