7:4 And when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. They hold fast to many other traditions: the washing of cups, pots, kettles, and dining couches. 1 ) 2 7:5 The Pharisees and the experts in the law asked him, “Why do your disciples not live according to the tradition of the elders, but eat 3 with unwashed hands?” 7:6 He said to them, “Isaiah prophesied correctly about you hypocrites, as it is written:
‘This people honors me with their lips,
but their heart 4 is far from me.
7:7 They worship me in vain,
teaching as doctrine the commandments of men.’ 5
7:8 Having no regard 6 for the command of God, you hold fast to human tradition.” 7 7:9 He also said to them, “You neatly reject the commandment of God in order to set up 8 your tradition. 7:10 For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ 9 and, ‘Whoever insults his father or mother must be put to death.’ 10 7:11 But you say that if anyone tells his father or mother, ‘Whatever help you would have received from me is corban’ 11 (that is, a gift for God), 7:12 then you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother. 7:13 Thus you nullify 12 the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And you do many things like this.”
1 tc Several important witnesses (Ì45vid א B L Δ 28* pc) lack “and dining couches” (καὶ κλινῶν, kai klinwn), while the majority of
3 tn Grk “eat bread.”
4 tn The term “heart” is a collective singular in the Greek text.
6 tn Grk “Having left the command.”
7 tc The majority of
8 tc The translation here follows the reading στήσητε (sthshte, “set up”) found in D W Θ Ë1 28 565 2542 it sys,p Cyp. The majority of
11 sn Corban is a Hebrew loanword (transliterated in the Greek text and in most modern English translations) referring to something that has been set aside as a gift to be given to God at some later date, but which is still in the possession of the owner (L&N 53.22). According to contemporary Jewish tradition the person who made this claim was absolved from responsibility to support or assist his parents, a clear violation of the Mosaic law to honor one’s parents (v. 10).
12 tn Grk “nullifying.” This participle shows the results of the Pharisees’ command.