NETBible KJV GRK-HEB XRef Arts Hymns
  Discovery Box

Mark 14:30

14:30 Jesus said to him, “I tell you the truth, 1  today – this very night – before a rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.”

Mark 14:66-72

Peter’s Denials

14:66 Now 2  while Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the high priest’s slave girls 3  came by. 14:67 When she saw Peter warming himself, she looked directly at him and said, “You also were with that Nazarene, Jesus.” 14:68 But he denied it: 4  “I don’t even understand what you’re talking about!” 5  Then 6  he went out to the gateway, and a rooster crowed. 7  14:69 When the slave girl saw him, she began again to say to the bystanders, “This man is one of them.” 14:70 But he denied it again. A short time later the bystanders again said to Peter, “You must be 8  one of them, because you are also a Galilean.” 14:71 Then he began to curse, and he swore with an oath, “I do not know this man you are talking about!” 14:72 Immediately a rooster 9  crowed a second time. Then 10  Peter remembered what Jesus had said to him: “Before a rooster crows twice, you will deny me three times.” And he broke down and wept. 11 

1 tn Grk “Truly (ἀμήν, amhn), I say to you.”

2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

3 tn The Greek term here is παιδίσκη (paidiskh), referring to a slave girl or slave woman.

4 tn Grk “he denied it, saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in English and has not been translated.

5 tn Grk “I do not know or understand what you are saying.” In the translation this is taken as a hendiadys (a figure of speech where two terms express a single meaning, usually for emphatic reasons).

6 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

7 tc Several important witnesses (א B L W Ψ* 579 892 2427 pc) lack the words “and a rooster crowed.” The fact that such good and early Alexandrian witnesses lack these words makes this textual problem difficult to decide, especially because the words receive support from other witnesses, some of which are fairly decent (A C D Θ Ψc 067 Ë1,13 33 [1424] Ï lat). The omission could have been intentional on the part of some Alexandrian scribes who wished to bring this text in line with the other Gospel accounts that only mention a rooster crowing once (Matt 26:74; Luke 22:60; John 18:27). The insertion could be an attempt to make the fulfillment of Jesus’ prophecy in 14:30 more explicit. Internally, the words “and a rooster crowed” fit Mark’s Gospel here, not only in view of 14:30, “before a rooster crows twice,” but also in view of the mention of “a second time” in 14:71 (a reading which is much more textually secure). Nevertheless, a decision is difficult.

tn A real rooster crowing is probably in view here (rather than the Roman trumpet call known as gallicinium), in part due to the fact that Mark mentions the rooster crowing twice. See the discussion at Matt 26:74.

8 tn Grk “Truly you are.”

9 tn This occurrence of the word ἀλέκτωρ (alektwr, “rooster”) is anarthrous and consequently may not point back explicitly to the rooster which had crowed previously in v. 68. The reason for the anarthrous construction is most likely to indicate generically that some rooster crowed. Further, the translation of ἀλέκτωρ as an indefinite noun retains the subtlety of the Greek in only hinting at the Lord’s prediction v. 30. See also NAB, TEV, NASB.

10 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

11 tn Grk “he wept deeply.”

TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
created in 0.05 seconds
powered by