23:11 Even Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him. Then, 1 dressing him in elegant clothes, 2 Herod 3 sent him back to Pilate.
23:35 The people also stood there watching, but the rulers ridiculed 4 him, saying, “He saved others. Let him save 5 himself if 6 he is the Christ 7 of God, his chosen one!” 23:36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, 8 23:37 and saying, “If 9 you are the king of the Jews, save yourself!”
1 tn This is a continuation of the previous Greek sentence, but because of its length and complexity, a new sentence was started here in the translation by supplying “then” to indicate the sequence of events.
2 sn This mockery involved putting elegant royal clothes on Jesus, either white or purple (the colors of royalty). This was no doubt a mockery of Jesus’ claim to be a king.
3 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Herod) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
4 tn A figurative extension of the literal meaning “to turn one’s nose up at someone”; here “ridicule, sneer at, show contempt for” (L&N 33.409).
5 sn The irony in the statement Let him save himself is that salvation did come, but later, not while on the cross.
6 tn This is a first class condition in the Greek text.
7 tn Or “Messiah”; both “Christ” (Greek) and “Messiah” (Hebrew and Aramaic) mean “one who has been anointed.”
sn See the note on Christ in 2:11.
8 sn Sour wine was cheap wine, called in Latin posca, and referred to a cheap vinegar wine diluted heavily with water. It was the drink of slaves and soldiers, and the soldiers who had performed the crucifixion, who had some on hand, now used it to taunt Jesus further.
9 tn This is also a first class condition in the Greek text.