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Luke 21:20-21

Context
The Desolation of Jerusalem

21:20 “But when you see Jerusalem 1  surrounded 2  by armies, then know that its 3  desolation 4  has come near. 21:21 Then those who are in Judea must flee 5  to the mountains. Those 6  who are inside the city must depart. Those 7  who are out in the country must not enter it,

1 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

2 sn See Luke 19:41-44. This passage refers to the events associated with the fall of Jerusalem, when the city is surrounded by armies.

3 tn Grk “her,” referring to the city of Jerusalem (the name “Jerusalem” in Greek is a feminine noun).

4 sn The phrase its desolation is a reference to the fall of the city, which is the only antecedent present in Luke’s account. The parallels to this in Matt 24:15 and Mark 13:14 refer to the temple’s desolation, though Matthew’s allusion is clearer. They focus on the parallel events of the end, not on the short term realization in a.d. 70. The entire passage has a prophetic “two events in one” typology, where the near term destruction (a.d. 70) is like the end. So the evangelists could choose to focus on the near time realization (Luke) or on its long term fulfillment, which mirrors it (Matthew, Mark).

5 sn Fleeing to the mountains is a key OT image: Gen 19:17; Judg 6:2; Isa 15:5; Jer 16:16; Zech 14:5.

6 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

7 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.



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