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Luke 1:14

1:14 Joy and gladness will come 1  to you, and many will rejoice at 2  his birth, 3 

Luke 2:10

2:10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid! Listen carefully, 4  for I proclaim to you good news 5  that brings great joy to all the people:

Luke 8:13

8:13 Those 6  on the rock are the ones who receive the word with joy when they hear it, but they have no root. They believe for a while, 7  but 8  in a time of testing 9  fall away. 10 

Luke 10:17


10:17 Then 11  the seventy-two 12  returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons submit to 13  us in your name!” 14 

Luke 15:7

15:7 I tell you, in the same way there will be more joy in heaven over one sinner 15  who repents than over ninety-nine righteous people 16  who have no need to repent. 17 

Luke 15:10

15:10 In the same way, I tell you, there is joy in the presence of God’s angels 18  over one sinner who repents.”

Luke 24:41

24:41 And while they still could not believe it 19  (because of their joy) and were amazed, 20  he said to them, “Do you have anything here to eat?” 21 

1 tn Grk “This will be joy and gladness.”

2 tn Or “because of.”

3 tn “At his birth” is more precise as the grammatical subject (1:58), though “at his coming” is a possible force, since it is his mission, as the following verses note, that will really bring joy.

4 tn Grk “behold.”

5 tn Grk “I evangelize to you great joy.”

6 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

7 sn This time of temporary faith represented by the description believe for a while is presented rather tragically in the passage. The seed does not get a chance to do all it can.

8 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context.

9 tn Traditionally, “temptation.” Such a translation puts the emphasis on temptation to sin rather than testing of faith, which is what the context seems to indicate.

10 sn Fall away. On the idea of falling away and the warnings against it, see 2 Tim 3:1; Heb 3:12; Jer 3:14; Dan 9:9.

11 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

12 tc See the tc note on the number “seventy-two” in Luke 10:1.

13 tn Or “the demons obey”; see L&N 36.18.

14 tn The prepositional phrase “in your name” indicates the sphere of authority for the messengers’ work of exorcism.

15 sn There will be more joy in heaven over one sinner who repents. The pursuit of the sinner is a priority in spite of the presence of others who are doing well (see also Luke 5:32; 19:10). The theme of repentance, a major Lukan theme, is again emphasized.

16 tn Here δικαίοις (dikaioi") is an adjective functioning substantivally and has been translated “righteous people.”

17 tn Or “who do not need to repent”; Grk “who do not have need of repentance.”

18 sn The whole of heaven is said to rejoice. Joy in the presence of God’s angels is a way of referring to God’s joy as well without having to name him explicitly. Contemporary Judaism tended to refer to God indirectly where possible out of reverence or respect for the divine name.

19 sn They still could not believe it. Is this a continued statement of unbelief? Or is it a rhetorical expression of their amazement? They are being moved to faith, so a rhetorical force is more likely here.

20 sn Amazement is the common response to unusual activity: 1:63; 2:18; 4:22; 7:9; 8:25; 9:43; 11:14; 20:26.

21 sn Do you have anything here to eat? Eating would remove the idea that a phantom was present. Angelic spirits refused a meal in Jdt 13:16 and Tob 12:19, but accepted it in Gen 18:8; 19:3 and Tob 6:6.

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