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Luke 15:22-25

Context
15:22 But the father said to his slaves, 1  ‘Hurry! Bring the best robe, 2  and put it on him! Put a ring on his finger 3  and sandals 4  on his feet! 15:23 Bring 5  the fattened calf 6  and kill it! Let us eat 7  and celebrate, 15:24 because this son of mine was dead, and is alive again – he was lost and is found!’ 8  So 9  they began to celebrate.

15:25 “Now his older son was in the field. As 10  he came and approached the house, he heard music 11  and dancing.

Luke 15:32

Context
15:32 It was appropriate 12  to celebrate and be glad, for your brother 13  was dead, and is alive; he was lost and is found.’” 14 

1 tn See the note on the word “slave” in 7:2.

2 sn With the instructions Hurry! Bring the best robe, there is a total acceptance of the younger son back into the home.

3 tn Grk “hand”; but χείρ (ceir) can refer to either the whole hand or any relevant part of it (L&N 8.30).

4 sn The need for sandals underlines the younger son’s previous destitution, because he was barefoot.

5 tn Grk “And bring.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

6 tn Or “the prize calf” (L&N 65.8). See also L&N 44.2, “grain-fattened.” Such a calf was usually reserved for religious celebrations.

7 tn The participle φαγόντες (fagontes) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

8 sn This statement links the parable to the theme of 15:6, 9.

9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the result of the father’s remarks in the preceding verses.

10 tn Grk “And as.” Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

11 sn This would have been primarily instrumental music, but might include singing as well.

12 tn Or “necessary.”

13 sn By referring to him as your brother, the father reminded the older brother that the younger brother was part of the family.

14 sn The theme he was lost and is found is repeated from v. 24. The conclusion is open-ended. The reader is left to ponder with the older son (who pictures the scribes and Pharisees) what the response will be. The parable does not reveal the ultimate response of the older brother. Jesus argued that sinners should be pursued and received back warmly when they returned.



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