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Leviticus 23:2-3

Context
23:2 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘These are the Lord’s appointed times which you must proclaim as holy assemblies – my appointed times: 1 

The Weekly Sabbath

23:3 “‘Six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there must be a Sabbath of complete rest, 2  a holy assembly. You must not do any work; it is a Sabbath to the Lord in all the places where you live.

Leviticus 23:7-8

Context
23:7 On the first day there will be a holy assembly for you; you must not do any regular work. 3  23:8 You must present a gift to the Lord for seven days, and the seventh day is a holy assembly; you must not do any regular work.’”

Leviticus 23:21

Context

23:21 “‘On this very day you must proclaim an assembly; it is to be a holy assembly for you. 4  You must not do any regular work. This is a perpetual statute in all the places where you live throughout your generations. 5 

Leviticus 23:24-25

Context
23:24 “Tell the Israelites, ‘In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you must have a complete rest, a memorial announced by loud horn blasts, 6  a holy assembly. 23:25 You must not do any regular work, but 7  you must present a gift to the Lord.’”

Leviticus 23:27

Context
23:27 “The 8  tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. 9  It is to be a holy assembly for you, and you must humble yourselves 10  and present a gift to the Lord.

Leviticus 23:35

Context
23:35 On the first day is a holy assembly; you must do no regular work. 11 

1 tn Heb “these are them, my appointed times.”

sn The term מוֹעֵד (moed, rendered “appointed time” here) can refer to either a time or place of meeting. See the note on “tent of meeting” (אֹהֶל מוֹעֵד, ’ohel moed) in Lev 1:1.

2 tn This is a superlative expression, emphasizing the full and all inclusive rest of the Sabbath and certain festival times throughout the chapter (see B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 155). Cf. ASV “a sabbath of solemn rest.”

3 tn Heb “work of service”; KJV “servile work”; NASB “laborious work”; TEV “daily work.”

4 tn Heb “And you shall proclaim [an assembly] in the bone of this day; a holy assembly it shall be to you” (see the remarks in B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 160, and the remarks on the LXX rendering in J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 367).

5 tn Heb “for your generations.”

6 tn Heb “a memorial of loud blasts.” Although the term for “horn” does not occur here, allowing for the possibility that vocal “shouts” of acclamation are envisioned (see P. J. Budd, Leviticus [NCBC], 325), the “blast” of the shofar (a trumpet made from a ram’s “horn”) is most likely what is intended. On this occasion, the loud blasts on the horn announced the coming of the new year on the first day of the seventh month (see the explanations in J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 387, and B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 160).

7 tn Heb “and.” The Hebrew conjunction ו (vav, “and”) can be considered to have adversative force here (cf. KJV, NASB, NIV).

8 tn Heb “Surely the tenth day” or perhaps “Precisely the tenth day.” The Hebrew adverbial particle אַךְ (’akh) is left untranslated by most recent English versions; cf. however NASB “On exactly the tenth day.”

9 sn See the description of this day and its regulations in Lev 16 and the notes there.

10 tn Heb “you shall humble your souls.” See the note on Lev 16:29 above.

11 tn Heb “work of service”; KJV “servile work”; NASB “laborious work”; TEV “daily work.”



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