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Leviticus 18:24-30

Warning against the Abominations of the Nations

18:24 “‘Do not defile yourselves with any of these things, for the nations which I am about to drive out before you 1  have been defiled with all these things. 18:25 Therefore 2  the land has become unclean and I have brought the punishment for its iniquity upon it, 3  so that the land has vomited out its inhabitants. 18:26 You yourselves must obey 4  my statutes and my regulations and must not do any of these abominations, both the native citizen and the resident foreigner in your midst, 5  18:27 for the people who were in the land before you have done all these abominations, 6  and the land has become unclean. 18:28 So do not make the land vomit you out because you defile it 7  just as it has vomited out the nations 8  that were before you. 18:29 For if anyone does any of these abominations, the persons who do them will be cut off from the midst of their people. 9  18:30 You must obey my charge to not practice any of the abominable statutes 10  that have been done before you, so that you do not 11  defile yourselves by them. I am the Lord your God.’”

1 tn Heb “which I am sending away (Piel participle of שָׁלַח [shalakh, “to send”]) from your faces.” The rendering here takes the participle as anticipatory of the coming conquest events.

2 tn Heb “And.” The Hebrew conjunction ו (vav, “and”) can be considered to have resultative or even inferential force here.

3 tn Heb “and I have visited its [punishment for] iniquity on it.” See the note on Lev 17:16 above.

4 tn Heb “And you shall keep, you.” The latter emphatic personal pronoun “you” is left out of a few medieval Hebrew mss, Smr, the LXX, Syriac, and Vulgate.

5 tn Heb “the native and the sojourner”; NIV “The native-born and the aliens”; NAB “whether natives or resident aliens.”

6 tn Heb “for all these abominations the men of the land who were before you have done.”

7 tn Heb “And the land will not vomit you out in your defiling it.”

8 tc The MT reads the singular “nation” and is followed by ASV, NASB, NRSV; the LXX, Syriac, and Targum have the plural “nations” (cf. v. 24).

9 sn Regarding the “cut off” penalty see the note on Lev 7:20.

10 tn Heb “to not do from the statutes of the detestable acts.”

11 tn Heb “and you will not.” The Hebrew conjunction ו (vav, “and”) can be considered to have resultative force here.

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