17:3 “Blood guilt 1 will be accounted to any man 2 from the house of Israel 3 who slaughters an ox or a lamb or a goat inside the camp or outside the camp, 4
17:10 “‘Any man 10 from the house of Israel or from the foreigners who reside 11 in their 12 midst who eats any blood, I will set my face against that person who eats the blood, and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, 13
1 tn The complex wording of vv. 3-4 requires stating “blood guilt” at the beginning of v. 3 even though it is not mentioned until the middle of v. 4. The Hebrew text has simply “blood,” but in this case it refers to the illegitimate shedding of animal blood, similar to the shedding of the blood of an innocent human being (Deut 19:10, etc.). In order for it to be legitimate the animal must be slaughtered at the tabernacle and its blood handled by the priests in the prescribed way (see, e.g., Lev 1:5; 3:2, 17; 4:5-7; 7:26-27, etc.; cf. vv. 10-16 below for more details).
4 tn Heb “or who slaughters from outside to the camp.”
6 tn Heb “and.” Here the Hebrew conjunction ו (vav, “and”) has an alternative sense (“or”).
7 tn Heb “from the sojourner who sojourns.”
8 tc The LXX, Syriac, and Vulgate have “your” (plural) rather than “their.”
9 tn Heb “causes to go up.”
11 tn Heb “from the sojourner who sojourns.”
12 tc The LXX, Syriac, and Vulgate have “your” (plural) rather than “their.”
13 tn Heb “I will give my faces against [literally “in”] the soul/person/life [נֶפֶשׁ, nefesh, feminine] who eats the blood and I will cut it [i.e., that נֶפֶשׁ, nefesh] off from the midst of its people.” The uses of נֶפֶשׁ in this and the following verse are most significant for the use of animal blood in Israel’s sacrificial system. Unfortunately, it is a most difficult word to translate accurately and consistently, and this presents a major problem for the rendering of these verses (see, e.g., G. J. Wenham, Leviticus [NICOT], 244-45). No matter which translation of נֶפֶשׁ one uses here, it is important to see that both man and animal have נֶפֶשׁ and that this נֶפֶשׁ is identified with the blood. See the further remarks on v. 11 below. On the “cutting off” penalty see the note on v. 4 above. In this instance, God takes it on himself to “cut off” the person (i.e., extirpation).